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2019-06-11 15:00   作者:章躍   閱讀量:

  TASK 1

  數據型:數據之間的比較關系

  同時不同項 – 一個年份內

  同項不同時 – 同一個項目在兩個年份

  The charts below show the percentages of time used on different activities in an American office in 1980 and 2006.

  Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

1.jpg

2.jpg

  The pies are the illustrations of how time was allotted to [be allotted to] different tasks in a typical American office in the years of 1980 and 2006.

  In 1980, 描述數據背后的事實,而不要直接呈現數據:the staff were most occupied with [be occupied with] phone calls, as they spent 30 percent of their time on the phone. By stark contrast, 描述數據背后的事實,而不要直接呈現數據:working with computers cost a very limited amount of staff’s time. 不要羅列數據,加工一下:The other 4 tasks – paperwork, meetings, talking, andmiscellaneous activities, were moderate time consumers.

  注意:描述數據背后的事實,而不要直接呈現數據,避免機械描述數據。

  The year of 2006 saw a changed situation, as computer-based tasks became mosttime-costly, with the time spent on them 15 times of the 1980’s level.Meanwhile, a number of reductions were marked. There was significant shrinkage, compared with 1980’s 20 percent, in the time used for meetings; time spent on phones was half of the time in 1980, and so was [倒裝的機會] the time people spent on paperwork. In addition, mailing, a new task that the office workers did not have in 1980, needed a small portion of time, and all other jobs cost time moderately, with the percentages ranging from 10 percent to 17 percent.

  Overall, the year of 2006 witnessed a pattern of time allocationmarkedly different from that of 1980.

  Task 2

  Some people believe that they no longer need newspapers to learn news as they have the modern sources of information.

  To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?

  【立場: agree】

  【Introduction】

  不要糾結陳述“背景”,而直接表態:With the modern sources of information, the Internet as the chief form, booming, I believe that newspapers have no place and that they can be abandoned. Admittedly, this is not totally denying the merits of newspapers.

  【Body】學會論證

  On one hand, newspapers report news with standards. 對核心概念的細化解釋:A story willnot be published unless editors are certain that it is authentic rather than fabricated. Meanwhile, editors may be strict with the accuracy of details. However, a piece of article may still be abandoned if the information is deemed useless. On the other hand,readers may not appreciate the selection, because stories of editors’ choice may notintrigue them. As a matter of fact, modern readers like to make their own choice from an immense load of information. 順著就說modern media的好 This is why the modern media has an edge. They are able to provide the enormous amount of information.

  Also, the modern media informs their readers and viewers within a few hours or even minutes. News travel fast at an unprecedented speed on the palm-sized devices, 一定要對“非簡單常識”的內容解釋“為什么”,“是怎么實現的”“具體發生什么”:since the modern media is highly democratic as every individual that has a phone can post what they see and upload pictures on the social media, and information gets through without complicated and slow censorship. As a result, people no longer need to wait at least half a day until newspapers are printed or know an event only if they are local.

  In addition, a reader who reads online does not need to pay as much as another who reads traditional newspapers, 一定要對“非簡單常識”的內容解釋“為什么”,“是怎么實現的”“具體發生什么”:because one website alone provides as much information as at least five newspapers combined do.

  【Conclusion】

  In conclusion, the modern sources of news have the advantage over newspapers. As we are aware of the many advantages, it is fair to believe that newspapers are no longer necessary.



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